The Skin Bible: Know the Skin You’re In (Part 1)

So as promised my lovelies, welcome to my new series where I am doing some posts all about your skin. As I sat down to brainstorm how I wanted to structure this I realised I have so much wonderful information to share. This made me decide to do this in ‘parts’. I am not sure how many ‘parts’ there will be so bear with me on that, but I don’t want each post to be like a book. This post is going to cover the basics of how to decide what type of skin you have and what your skin needs.

We are going to work within the framework of having 3 basic skin types: oily, normal/combination and dry. Your skin type can be determined by looking at the follow factors: pore size and location, surface shine, thickess and texture of the skin.

Skin Type 1: Dry

Dry skin produces very little sebum (or all). This is not to be confused with dehydrated skin which is all to do with water and hydration; we will discuss this in another part of the series.

Characteristics: you may have small/invisible pores, matte thin skin, possible flakiness or broken capillaries and sometimes you may feel like you have a dull complexion.

Needs: look for gentle cleansers and toners that are alcohol free. Hydration is key for your skin type so invest in hydrating masques and add a serum into your routine along with your moisturiser to give your skin a boost of moisture. Mild AHAs and retinol products will also help thicken the skin, so look for products that incorporate this.

We will go into these fancy ingredients in skincare products and what they do in another post as well.

Skin Type 2: Normal/Combination

You tend to have a fairly even distribution of sebum

Characteristics: you may have medium sized pores, especially in the T zone. You may have light shine in the T zone and your skin is moderately thick. Some of you normal/combination people may have some specific dehydrated and acneic areas.

Needs: Go for a PH neutral cleanser and exfoliate regularly. Antioxidant moisturises also work wonders on your skin.

Skin Type 3: Oily

As the name suggest you guys have heavy sebum production

Characteristics: you guys may have medium to fairly large pores, shiny thick skin and are prone to acne and congestion. You may feel as if you complexion is a little ‘muddy’ (people who have this will know what I mean)

Needs: Cleanse away lovelies, your skin type needs thorough cleansing. Use mild astringent toners and add a serum into your routine that contains salicylic acid. Another thing that will work wonders for you is a purifying mask regularly.

Try figure out which category you fit into so you can follow me step by step through my new series. I know I have mentioned certain things to look for in your skincare, so be sure to head to your skincare stash and check if you’ve considered these things. Otherwise pop down to your favourite skin care store and ask them for something that does!

Let’s talk a little science before I finish up for this post. I am sure many of you may have heard about the damage of free radicals and the benfits of antioxidants in your skincare routine. But honestly, how many of you know what that really means.

Well, free radical production is actually a normal part of life, part of the equation of simply breathing in oxygen. As the oxygen is delivered to our cells (via our bloodstream) it is then combined with glucose to become the fuel we need to power our bodies. This process can cause some of the oxygen molecules to lose an electron which makes it unstable (think about it as a car with only three wheels) and becomes a ‘free radical”. These unstable molecules then attack other molecules and attempt to steal one of their electrons to make them stable again.

These processes change the chemical climate of the cell and damages important cell structures. As this damage accumulates and causes the skin to age prematurely. Free radical production can be accelerated by stress, cigarette smoking, alcohol, sunlight, pollution and other factors.

Nature has provided a way to counteract the damage free radicals can do; antioxidants. An antioxidant is any substance that is able to donate a spare electron to the free radical so it stabilises it and prevents the damage to the cells. Although it is important to make sure that we ingest antioxidants either through our food supply or nutritional supplements, only a small percentage will find their way to the layers of the skin. By applying antioxidants topically they reach the skin cells directly and have a more beneficial effect in protecting the skin from free radical damage.

So there you have it. Do you know what skin type you are and why antioxidants in your skincare are good for you? Then my mission for Part 1 is complete.

Part 2 will cover skin conditions including dehydration, sensitivity, redness, allergies, pigmentaton, acne and sun damage. We will also delve into skin disorders including rosacea, eczema and psoriasis. I am hoping to get this up in the next couple of days and I will also be sharing some product recommendations further down the line.

Until next time,

xox your local bohemian


4 thoughts on “The Skin Bible: Know the Skin You’re In (Part 1)

    1. Thank you so much lovely 🙂 I really appreciate the feedback! Have you read the rest of the series? If so did they help you too? I am just about to head over to your blog! If you found this post helpful then please to share it with all your girl(and guy)friends xx

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