G

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GABA (Gamma Amino Butyric Acid): potent amino acid and neurotransmitter inhibitor; appears to relax muscle cells and therefore cause a decrease in appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Gamma Linoleic Acids (GLA): essential fatty acids from plant oils with emollient properties. Vital for maintenance of normal functioning of the epithelial barrier membrane. Prevents dryness and roughness; also shown to inhibit melanin production.

Geranium (Pelargonium Graveolens) Oil: also known as rose geranium. It is a natural antiseptic and astringent that also promotes healing. Geranium has the unusual ability to balance sebum production (because it is an adrenal cortex stimulant), making it valuable for those with combination, dry, dehydrated or oily skin.

Germall/Germaben: one of a new generation of cosmetic preservatives. It has been found to be an effective broad spectrum anti microbial agent.

Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) Root Extract: warming, inhibits prostaglandins and therefore reduces inflammation. Promotes circulation.

Gingko Biloba Leaf Extract: increases moisture retention in skin, soothes and is rich in bioflavononoids.

Gluconolactone: a polyhydroxy acid (PHA) which provides similar benefits to AHAs like smoothing appearance of fine lines with none of the irritation. Also has antioxidant and humectant properties.

Glycerin: a vegetable based humectant with water; attracting/binding properties that allow it to draw and absorb water from air and helps the skin retain moisture. Derived from olive oil.

Glyceryl Monostearate: an emulsifying and dispersing ingredient

Glycerin: hydrates and provides a skin barrier against loss of moisture. Allows topical agents to go on very smoothly, may clog pores when present in high concentrations.

Glycine: amino acid vital to collagen synthesis. It is unclear if applying glycine topically affects collagen synthesis.

Glycogen: a natural sugar (glucose) based polymer somewhat similar to starch. Acts as a conditioner.

Glycolic Acid: exfoliant, used in a wide range of exfoliating products, from lotions to chemical peels. May improve fine lines. Overuse can cause skin irritation and other skin damage.

Glycol Stearate: thickening agent that helps give products a luminescent or opalescent appearance

Glycol Distearate: An ester used as an emulsifier (to help combine oils with water). It is a clear, oily liquid readily able to penetrate the skin, made by combining glycerin and stearic acid.

Glycolic Acid: found in sugar cane, glycolic acid acts by dissolving the intercellular cement responsible for abnormal cell build up. Improves skin hydration by enhance moisture uptake as well as increased binding of water to the stratum corneum. Effective in helping clear the pores of acne prone skin, smoothing fine lines in older photo-aged skin and diminishing age spots.

Glycosaminoglycans: one of the newest available cosmetic ingredients, a complex of proteins that increases depth of hydration in cosmetics and with this, the elasticity and pliability of the skin. Moisturising and firming.

Goldeanseal (Hydrastis Canadensis) Extract: credited with effectiveness in soothing and healing; anti inflammatory and antiseptic.

Gotu Kola (Centella Asiatica) Leaf Extract: traditionally used for couperose conditions, known for its soothing, anti itch and healing properties.

Grapefruit (Citrus Paradisi) Essential Oil: an active oil with anti irritant properties. Also an antiseptic. Grapefruit oil is believed to help control the body’s liquid process and as such is indicated for work with the lymphatic system.

Grape Seed Extract: a botanical extract shown to be an effective antioxidant.

Green Tea Extract:  a botanical extract shown to be an effective antioxidant.

Grape (Vitis Vinifera) Skin Extract: a counterirritant with soothing, antioxidant and antibacterial properties. Rich in Vitamin E, essential fatty acids and minerals.

Grape (Vitis Vinifera) Seed Oil: ultrafine oil expressed from grape seeds commonly used as a carrier oil in aromatherapy products and as a base for moisturisers.

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Leaf Extract: rich in potent antioxidants called catechins, and xanthines which are anti inflammatory and anti irritant. Reduces irritation when used in glycolic acid formulations.

Guar Gum: plant derived polysaccharides used as thickening agent in skin care formulations. May also increase moisture retention due to coating action.

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